That's the largemouth bass. They are found in freshwater ways all over the US and Japan. They usually weigh in at about 1 to 3 lbs. big ones go up to 9. The largest on record was 22 lbs. 4 oz.
They move to deeper waters during the fall and winter months. In the spring they start moving into the shallows to spawn and make beds. They like shade and cover. Lilly pads, trees, stumps, grass. Anywhere they can hide and wait. They especially hide from the sun's brightness during mid-day.
They are highly carnivorous. They eat any, and everything, from fish and crawfish up to snakes, lizards and frogs. Some people even claim they've seen them eat birds. I cannot verify this on first-hand experience, but it wouldn't surprise me. They can eat up to 20 to 30 % of their body weight at a time. They're not called largemouth for nothing.
(I will update the bass tips regularly as new info comes in or I come across it) (Eventually you can download the PDF Bass tips)
- They are the most intelligent fish in fresh water. They won't hit the same lure if they got hooked before with it. Switch up often.
- Pay attention to their feeding on. Pick a plastic or artificial to match.
- Check the water temp. It affects their feeding habits. They feed more in the spring before they bed. Then after the small ones leave.
- Don't be hardheaded. Just because they're not hitting doesn't mean they're not there. Switch tackle a lot.
- Know the bottom. Look for ledges and slopes. Debris in the middle of a clear bottom.
- Look for cover. Especially during mid-day. Bass hide and wait. They also have sensitive eyes. They see fine in murky darker water. They don't see too well in bright light.